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:: Volume 10, Issue 38 (Summer 2019) ::
فصلنامه مطالعات تفسیری 2019, 10(38): 7-26 Back to browse issues page
The Role of Avoidance from the Cases of Danger in Delaying the Time of Death with an Emphasis on the Verse 154of Al Imran
Javad Irvani
Razavi University of Islamic Sciences
Abstract:   (927 Views)
Commentators have offered various views on the Quranic sentence: "Say: Even though ye had been in your houses, those appointed to be slain would have gone forth to the places where they were to lie. On the well-known view, those killed when fighting are killed in their own death time. The question here is whether killing in war is an unavoidable fate for the victim. Does avoidance from the cases of danger play any role in delaying death? On the findings of the study, the verses 2 of An`am and 39 of Ra`d and the related verses under them concerning the division of the time of death into inevitable death and evitable death are the key for resolving the issues related to the verse in question and accordingly, murder may not be necessarily taken as the inevitable death; it is usually evitable and suspended. Therefore, avoiding the battlefield and other danger positions can be effective in delaying death. Both types of death, however, are divinely destined and may be taken as "kutiba `alayhim ulqatl". The assumption of "inevitability" in all murders challenges elements such as the value of sacrificing one's life for the sake of God, preventing one`s self from being destroyed, expounding retribution and its benefits, and advising caution would be incompatible with a range of Quranic teachings. Other related verses can also be interpreted in the context of this analysis.
Keywords: Verse 154 Al-Imran, Time of Death, Predestination, Authority
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/03/17 | Accepted: 2018/11/22 | Published: 2019/09/22
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Irvani J. The Role of Avoidance from the Cases of Danger in Delaying the Time of Death with an Emphasis on the Verse 154of Al Imran. فصلنامه مطالعات تفسیری. 2019; 10 (38) :7-26
URL: http://tafsir.maaref.ac.ir/article-1-1453-en.html

Volume 10, Issue 38 (Summer 2019) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علمی مطالعات تفسیری Journal of The Holy Quran And Islamic Texts
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